What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when the blood glucose level is also known as the “blood sugar” becomes very high. Blood glucose is extracted from the food we eat and is the main source of our energy.
Then a Hormone called Insulin helps absorption of the glucose into the cells of our body. The pancreas (a large gland behind the stomach) releases insulin and glucagon into the bloodstream to help your body store and use the sugar and fat from the food we eat.
Further, the glucose is converted into energy and used by our body to perform necessary vital functions.
Sometimes, a situation arises, when
- The body does not make “enough” insulin or
- The body makes “no” insulin or
- The body does not “use” insulin well.
In these situations, the Glucose stays in our blood and does not reach our body cells and other vital organs.
Diabetes is a life-long disease that affects the way your body handles glucose, a kind of sugar, in our blood.
Furthermore, With the passage of time, glucose levels keep on increasing in our blood. This can cause severe and “fatal” health problems and in simple terms, it is known as Diabetes.
What are the different types of diabetes?
The most common types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
- Type 1 diabetes also known as Diabetes Mellitus type 1.
- If the body does not make any insulin, the person is said to be suffering from Type-1 Diabetes.
- In this case, our own immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin.
Type 1 diabetes :
is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can appear at any age.
Most of all, People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to stay alive.
Type-1 Diabetes can lead to:
- Dehydration: when there is extra sugar in the blood, one has to pee “more often”. This is the preventive measure taken by the body to get rid of sugar.
- In this way, the sugar is excreted out of the body, but there is a considerable water loss in this process. Hence, the body feels dry and more drained out.
Who Gets Type 1 Diabetes?
This type of diabetes is very rare.
Type -1 Diabetes is found to occur in only about 5% people suffering from this disease.
Hence, It affects men and women equally. Although the disease usually starts in people under 20, it can happen at any age.
What Are the Symptoms?
These are often difficult to realize and recognize, but they can become very severe with time. These are:
- Heavy thirst.
- Increased hunger (especially after eating).
- Dry mouth condition.
- Frequent Nausea and vomiting.
- Pain in your belly.
- Very Frequent urination.
- Unexplained weight loss (even though you’re eating healthy).
- Fatigue (weak, tired feeling).
- Blurred vision of the eye.
- Heavy, labored breathing.
- Frequent infections of the skin, urinary tract, or vagina.
Before going any further Let us know the biggest lie about Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes also known as Diabetes Mellitus type 2.
If the body does not make or use insulin well, the person is said to be suffering from type 2 diabetes.
Doctors call it “Insulin Resistance”
Type-2 Diabetes is characterized by:
- High Blood Sugar
- Insulin Resistance condition
- Lack of Insulin
Furthermore, 75% of Diabetic patients suffer from Type 2 Diabetes.
People can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during their childhood.
However, this type of diabetes occurs mostly in middle-aged and old aged people.
Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes.
Genes: Scientists have found different samples of DNA that affect the way our body makes insulin.
Extra weight: Being overweight or obese can cause insulin resistance, especially if you carry your extra pounds around the middle. Type 2 diabetes affects kids and teens as well as adults, mainly because of childhood obesity.
Too much glucose from your liver:
Most of all, When your blood sugar is low, the liver makes and sends out glucose.
After we eat, the blood sugar level goes up, and the usual tendency of the liver is to then slow down and store its glucose for later.
But in some cases, the liver do not stop and continue producing more and more sugar. This results in excessive amounts of sugar and as a natural law we all know “anything in excess is always bad”.
Broken beta cells:
If the cells that make the insulin send out the wrong amount of insulin at the wrong time, your blood sugar gets thrown off. Therefore, At that time the high blood glucose can damage these cells, too.
Symptoms of Type-2 Diabetes.
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes can be so mild you don’t notice them. In fact, about 8 million people who have it don’t know it.
- Being very thirsty
- Peeing a lot
- Blurry vision
- Being irritable
- Tingling or numbness in your hands or feet
- Feeling worn out
- Difficulty in wound healing
- Infections affecting on a regular basis.
Preventive Measures are given by experts for Type-1 and type-2 Diabetes:
- Losing weight: Dropping just 7% to 10% of your weight can help reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes by half.
- Getting active: Moving muscles use insulin. Thirty minutes of brisk walking a day will help to reduce the risk by almost one-third.
- Eating right: as we know” Eating right is Never wrong” so a diabetic should avoid
- highly processed carbs,
- sugary drinks,
- and saturated fats.
- Limit consumption of red and processed meat products.
Quit smoking: Work with your doctor to avoid gaining weight, so you don’t create one problem by solving another. see how
Regular exercise: helps to regulate body hormones as they circulate through all the organs and reach the desired destination effectively. learn more.
Watch less Television: i.e. avoid any type of sedentary lifestyle and get involved in more and more physical activity. To know more click here.
Eat more whole grains and whole grain products over highly processed carbohydrates. Eat the all-round best superfoods.
whole grains don’t contain a magical nutrient that fights diabetes and improves health. It’s the entire package—elements intact and working together—that’s important.
Moreover, The bran and fiber in whole grains make it more difficult for digestive enzymes to break down the starches into glucose.
This leads to lower, slower increases in blood sugar and insulin and an ultimately lower glycemic index.
Also, Whole grains are also rich in essential vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals that may help reduce the risk of diabetes.
Find out which Oats are best for you, Click here.
- Skip the sugary drinks, and choose water, coffee, or tea instead.
- Several studies show that children and adults who drink soda or other sugar-sweetened beverages are more likely to gain weight than those who don’t.
- What to drink in place of the sugary stuff? Water is an excellent choice. Coffee and tea are also good calorie-free substitutes for sugared beverages (as long as you don’t load them up with sugar and cream).
The evidence is growing stronger that eating red meat (beef, pork, lamb) and processed red meat (bacon, hot dogs, deli meats) increases the risk of diabetes, even among people who consume only small amounts.
It takes 20 minutes for your stomach to signal brain about our food intake, and mostly by 20-minute duration we manage to eat in excess.! and that’s true.
- Reduce food intake.
- Put less on your plate and eat slowly.
“Eat Breakfast Like a King,
Eat Lunch Like a Prince,
and Dine Like a Beggar”.
Also, See Doctor’s Highly recommended Protein supplement. Click Here.
Ways in which you should eat:
- Eat a small meal.
- Drink a large glass of water 10 minutes before your meal so you feel less hungry.
- Use teaspoons, salad forks, or child-size forks, spoons, and knives to help you take smaller bites and eat less.
- Make less food look like more by serving your meal on a salad or breakfast plate.
- Eat slowly. It takes 20 minutes for your stomach to send a signal to your brain that you are now full and mostly by this time people tend to overload their tummy.
- Listen to music while you eat instead of watching TV (people tend to eat more while watching TV).
How much should I eat?
Try filling your plate like this:
- 1/4 protein
- 1/4 grains
- 1/2 vegetables and fruit
- dairy (low-fat or skim milk)
to check out the best available corn flakes. Click here.
Move More Each Day
Moreover, Find ways to be more active every day. Try to be active for at least 30 minutes, 5 days a week. Walking is a great way to get started and you can do it almost anywhere at any time.
Bike riding, swimming, and dancing are also good ways to move more.
nuts reduce- risk -of -diabetes-healthistaan
Dance it away.
- Show your kids the dances you used to do when you were their age.
- Turn up the music dance while doing household activities.
- Work out with a video that shows you how to get active.
- Walk and deliver a message in person to a co-worker instead of sending them an e-mail.
- Take the stairs to your office. Or take the stairs as far as you can, and then take the elevator the rest of the way.
- Catch up with friends during a walk instead of by phone.
- Walk when you talk on the phone.
- March in place while you watch TV.
- Choose a place to walk that is safe, such as your local mall.
- Get off of the bus one stop early and walk the rest of the way home or to work if it is safe.
- Make Healthy Food Choices
- Find ways to make healthy food choices. This can help you manage your weight and lower your chances of getting diabetes.
- Choose to eat more vegetables, fruits, and whole grains.
Cut back on high-fat foods like whole milk, cheeses, and fried foods. This will help you reduce the amount of fat and calories you take in each day. see why!
Snack on a veggie.
- Buy a mix of vegetables when you go for food shopping.
- Choose veggie toppings like spinach, broccoli, and peppers for your pizza.
- Try eating foods from other countries. Many of these dishes have more vegetables, whole grains, and beans.
- Buy frozen and low-salt (sodium) canned vegetables. They may cost less and keep longer than fresh ones.
- Serve your favorite vegetable and a salad with low-fat macaroni and cheese.
Cook with care and choose healthy oils. Click here.
- Stir fry, broil, or bake with non-stick spray or low-salt broth. Cook with less oil and butter.
- Try not to snack while cooking or cleaning the kitchen, it often leads to eating more.
- Cook with a mix of spices instead of salt.
- Try different recipes for baking or broiling meat, chicken, and fish.
- Choose foods with little or no added sugar to reduce calories.
- Choose brown rice instead of white rice.
- Have a big vegetable salad with low-calorie salad dressing when eating out. Share your main dish with a friend or have the other half wrapped to go.
- Make healthy choices at fast food restaurants. Try grilled chicken (with skin removed) instead of a cheeseburger.
- Skip the fries and chips and choose a salad.
- Order a fruit salad instead of ice cream or cake.
Rethink your drink. Say no to Alcohol. Consume Apple Cider Vinegar instead. To know more about cider vinegar click here.
- Find a water bottle you really like (from a church or club event, favorite sports team, etc.) and drink water from it every day.
- Peel and eat an orange instead of drinking orange juice.
- Drink water instead of juice and regular soda.
- Use whole grain bread for toast and sandwiches.
- Keep a healthy snack with you, such as fresh fruit, a handful of nuts, and whole grain crackers.
- Slow down at snack time. Eating a bag of low-fat popcorn takes longer than eating a candy bar.
- Share a bowl of fruit with family and friends.
- Eat a healthy snack or meal before shopping for food. Do not shop on an empty stomach.
- Shop at your local farmers market for fresh, local food.
- Make a list of food you need to buy before you go to the store.
Regularly monitor your diabetes on a daily Basis.
See how the experts recommend to monitor the blood sugar level. Click here.
- Keep a written record of what you eat for a week. It can help you see when you tend to overeat or eat foods high in fat or calories.
- Compare food labels on packages.
- Choose foods lower in saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol (ko-LESS-tuh-ruhl), calories, salt, and added sugars.
Health experts agree that it is a good idea for most people with diabetes to consume more omega-3 fatty acids in their diet.
Furthermore, Studies have shown that fish oil supplements may lower triglyceride levels in people with Type2 diabetes, which could lower their risk of heart disease.
What is gestational diabetes?
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops only during pregnancy. As we know the Diabetes means that our blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Your body uses glucose for energy.
Too much glucose in your blood is not good for you or your baby.
Gestational diabetes is usually diagnosed during late pregnancy. Treating gestational diabetes at pre-mature stages can help both you and your baby stay healthy. know more about women health.
Measures can be taken to protect your baby and yourself by controlling your blood glucose levels.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops only during pregnancy.
What causes gestational diabetes?
- Gestational diabetes happens when your body is unable to make enough insulin during pregnancy.
- Insulin is a hormone made in your pancreas, an organ located behind your stomach.
- Insulin helps your body use glucose for energy and helps control your blood glucose levels.
- At the time of pregnancy, the body produces more hormones and goes through other minor and major changes, such as weight gain etc. These changes may cause your body cells to use insulin less effectively, a condition called insulin resistance.
- Insulin resistance increases your body’s need for insulin. If your pancreas can’t make enough insulin, you will have gestational diabetes.
- All pregnant women have some insulin resistance during late pregnancy. However, some women have insulin resistance even before they get pregnant, usually because they are overweight. These women start pregnancy with an increased need for insulin and are more likely to have gestational diabetes.
What are my chances of getting gestational diabetes?
The chances of getting gestational diabetes become higher if you
- are overweight
- have given birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
- have had gestational diabetes before
- have a parent, brother, or sister with type 2 diabetes
- are African American, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latina, or Pacific Islander American
- have pre-diabetic condition e. your blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes.
- have a hormonal disorder called polycystic ovary syndrome, also known as PCOS
How can I lower my chances of getting gestational diabetes?
see what experts have to say. Click here.
If you are thinking about getting pregnant and are overweight, you can lower your chances of getting gestational diabetes by
- Losing extra weight
- increasing your physical activity level before you get pregnant
Taking these steps can improve how your body uses insulin and help your blood glucose levels stay normal.
Once you are pregnant, you should not try to lose weight. You need to gain some weight for your baby to be healthy.
However, gaining too much weight too quickly may increase your chances of getting gestational diabetes.
How will gestational diabetes affect the baby?
If the mother is having high blood glucose levels because the gestational diabetes is not under control, her baby will also have high blood glucose.
In this condition, baby’s pancreas will have to make extra insulin to control the high blood glucose. The extra glucose in your baby’s blood is stored as fat.
Untreated or uncontrolled gestational diabetes:
can cause problems for your baby, such as
- being born with a larger than normal body—a condition called macrosomia—which can make delivery difficult and more dangerous for your baby
- having low blood glucose, also called hypoglycemia, right after birth
- having breathing problems, a condition called respiratory distress syndrome
- having a higher chance of dying before or soon after birth
The baby also might be born with jaundice.
Jaundice is more common in newborns of mothers who had diabetes during their pregnancy.
With jaundice, the skin and whites of the eyes turn yellow. Jaundice usually goes away, but your baby may need to be placed under special lights to help. The mother should make sure that the baby gets plenty of milk from breastfeeding, which also helps jaundice go away.
Your baby will be more likely to become overweight and develop type 2 diabetes as he or she grows up.
to know more about the adverse effects of gestation diabetes on the babies, Click here.
How will gestational diabetes affect me?
Gestational diabetes may increase your chances of
- having high blood pressure and too much protein in the urine, a condition called preeclampsia
- having surgery—called a cesarean section or c-section—to deliver your baby because your baby may be large
- becoming depressed
- developing type 2 diabetes and the problems that can come with this disease
Points to Remember
- Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops only during pregnancy.
- Gestational diabetes happens when your body can’t make enough insulin during pregnancy.
- You will probably be tested for gestational diabetes between weeks 24 and 28 of your pregnancy.
- If you have high blood glucose levels because your gestational diabetes is not under control, your baby will also have high blood glucose.
- Untreated or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can cause problems for your baby.
- Treating gestational diabetes means taking steps to keep your blood glucose levels in a target range.
- Even if your blood glucose levels return to normal after your pregnancy, your chances of getting diabetes—usually type 2 diabetes—later in life are high. Therefore, you should be tested at least every 3 years for diabetes or prediabetes.
- You can give your baby a healthy start by breastfeeding.
Click here to know more.
You can use nicotex chewing gums, helps to leave the habit of smoking.
How common is diabetes?
As of 2014, 29.1 million people in the United States, or 9.3 percent of the population, had diabetes. More than 1 in 4 of them didn’t know they had the disease.
Diabetes affects 1 in 4 people over the age of 65. About 95 percent of cases in adults are type 2 diabetes.1
Who is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes?
You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are age 45 or older, have a family history of diabetes, or are overweight. Physical inactivity, race, and certain health problems such as high blood pressure also affect your chance of developing type 2 diabetes.
You are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you have prediabetes or had gestational diabetes when you were pregnant. Learn more about risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
What health problems can people with diabetes develop?
Over time, high blood glucose leads to problems such as
- heart disease
- kidney disease
- eye problems
- dental disease
- nerve damage
- foot problems
You can take steps to lower your chances of developing these diabetes-related health problems.
Explore: Diabetes Basics
- Type 1
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults and was previously known as juvenile diabetes.
- Gestational Diabetes
Expecting? Learn why women who have never had diabetes may be at risk during pregnancy.
- Statistics About Diabetes
The numbers associated with diabetes make a strong case for devoting more resources to finding a cure.
Clear up some common misunderstandings about what causes diabetes, the effects of diabetes, and how diabetes can be managed.